indian cinema heritage foundation

Batwara (1961)

  • Release Date1961
  • GenreDrama
  • FormatB-W
  • LanguageHindi
  • Run Time146 mins
  • Length4848.75 metres
  • Number of Reels18
  • Gauge35 mm
  • Censor RatingU
  • Censor Certificate NumberU-32307-MUM
  • Certificate Date05/05/1961
  • Shooting LocationKardar Studios, Shree Sound Studios, Filmistan Studio

'Partition solves no problems; it only aggravates' --no better testimony than the moral that will be imbibed from this star-studded familyfare, showing a happy joint family on the verge of total wreck, which is saved when the prodigal returns home, repentent and awakened, swallowing the bitter pill doled by fate that transforms him.

Following partition, a respectable Peshawari family--Dhaniram with his aged father, wife, 3 sons Kundan, Pran and Madan, and wives of Kundan and Pran--is reduced into distressed refugees in Dehra Dun where Dhaniram runs a chemist-shop and does honest business, aided by Kundan and Pran. Dhaniram's refusal to collaborate in bazar merchants' profiteerism begets their wrath. A bazar-bully failing in extortion-attempt and insulted by Dhaniram, avenges by stabbing Dhaniram on diwali night. Misery shrouds the famly when mammon-crazy Pran, instigated by wily Dalal, ignores Kundan's sermons, and trades ignobly leading to domestic discord. Family estate is partitioned by Pran who corners the shop for himself, leaving to share of Kundan & others only a gold image of family deity, Dhaniram's golden turban-trinket and a cow; and also a brickwall is erected in the house. Kundan toils hard as a stonecutter alias contractor, but Pran's vendetta chases him. Pran is once arrested, tried and convicted to a six-month jail-term or Rs. 2500/- fine for a trade offence. All his money has been emptied by treacherous Dalal on flase pretexts of helping his acquittal. Kundan hospitalised in a mining accident, rushes home on hearing about Pran's conviction and is forced to pawn family deity's image for money to pay the Court fine. But Pran believes that family-friend Charandas has saved him from Kundan's plot. Pran returns home to find his son injured in a fall, needing medicines which he is bluntly refused in the bazaar where good old fruitseller and counsels clean confession before mother. Pran at home-gate is refused admission by furious grandpa, but his mother, pining to help him by passing on the turban-trinket through pierced wall-hole, has her neck sandwiched in the hole. The wall is broken up leading to lasting reunion of hearts under the family roof.

(From the official press booklet)



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