An actor, director, music composer, story and screenplay writer, Hiren Bose was a multi-faceted talent of the early decades of Indian cinema. He was known for films such as Dharm Ki Devi (1935), Bhakta Jayadeva (1938), Meerabai (1933) and Dasi (1944). The Calcutta-based filmmaker worked during the silent era of Indian cinema, up until the mid-1950s.
Born on 26 September 1903 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India, he trained in Rabindra Sangeet and classical music. His musical capabilities earned him the titles Vidya Bhushan and Sangeet Ratna. He worked at HMV as a music director for a while, and soon moved to Bombay. He was said to have even influenced Anil Biswas to make the same move in dreams of bigger opportunities.
Making his foray into the film industry, he acted in films such as the Jyotish Bannerjee-directed drama film Rishir Prem (1931) alongside Charubala and Ahindra Choudhury, and Chup (1931) alongside Abhabati and Nibhanani Devi. Towards the Light (Udayer Pathey, 1944) saw him feature in the cast of the Bimal Roy directorial which told the tale of a girl who leaves her wealth behind to be with a writer, who is a man of ethics. He also acted in Sesh Raksha (1944) directed by Pashupati Chatterjee, starring alongside Ratin Banerjee and Manoranjan Bhattacharya.
As a director, among his earliest films was Chup (1931), the comedy which released at Chitra cinema, Calcutta. He went on to direct several films such as Mahua (1934), Dharma Ki Devi (1935), Piya Ki Jogan (1936), Mahageet (1937), Bhakta Jayadeva (1938), Africa Mein Hind (1939), Amar Geeti (1940), Kavi Joydev (1941), Dasi (1944), Banjarey (1948), Sree Tulsidas (1950), Ghungroo (1952), Rami Dhoban (1953), Ramman (1954), and Ektara (1957).
Hiren Bose passed away on 18 June 1987 in Calcutta. He was 83.
Image courtesy: https://www.indianfilmhistory.com/crew/hiren-bose