indian cinema heritage foundation

Anjangarh (1948)

  • Release Date26/11/1946
  • GenreDrama
  • FormatB-W
  • LanguageHindi
  • Run Time139 mins
  • Censor RatingU

Thia is a political allegory about collusion in colonial times between the aristocracy and a rising indigenous bourgeoisie. The despotic ruler of the small Anjangarh kingdom comes into conflict with a mining syndicate which pays its workers a decent wage and allows the unionisation of the workforce. This bodes ill for the ruler. 

Eventually the syndicate joins with the despot in naming an innocent reformist collective set up for the welfare of the workers as the real culprit behind the popular unrest. Subodh Ghosh’s powerful story Fossil is a savagely ironic account of a fictional kingdom allegorically representing the socio-economic rise of the native colonial state. 

The film includes the key characters of the novel (e.g. the bourgeois liberal Mukherjee who dreams of a future land when the bones of the dead workers will, with the quartz and granite, yield mineral deposits a million years from now; the peasant leader Dulal Mahato), while placing in greater prominence the love story between the peasant leader Shubha and Mukherjee. It also has a ‘Vivek’, a singing minstrel used as a narrative chorus, a device borrowed from the traditional Jatra form.


Synopsis courtesy: